Olympic dating sporting jumping horse jumping
During the reign of Louis XIV (1643–1715), racing based on gambling was prevalent.Louis XVI (reigned 1774–93) organized a jockey club and established rules of racing by royal decree that included requiring certificates of origin for horses and imposing extra weight on foreign horses.By the first decades of the 21st century, however, the sport’s popularity had shrunk considerably..
This neglect of the riders is partly explained in that when races consisted of 4-mile heats, with the winning of two heats needed for victory, the individual rider’s judgment and skill were not so vital.
Thoroughbreds evolved from a mixture of Arab, Turk, and Barb horses with native English stock.
Private studbooks had existed from the early 17th century, but they were not invariably reliable.
The history of organized racing in other ancient civilizations is not very firmly established.
Presumably, organized racing began in such countries as China, Persia, Arabia, and other countries of the Middle East and in North Africa, where horsemanship early became highly developed.
Agreements were recorded by disinterested third parties, who came to be called keepers of the match book.