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Goebel has not pointed to any evidence showing improper conduct on the part of law enforcement during the interview.[¶20] The district court's finding that Goebel's confession was voluntary is supported by sufficient competent evidence, and the district court's denial of Goebel's motion to suppress is not against the manifest weight of the evidence. § 29-04-03.2 provides, "If the victim of a violation of chapter 12.1-20 is under the age of fifteen, the applicable period of limitation, if any, does not begin to run until the victim has reached the age of fifteen."[¶25] We have previously construed these statutory provisions in , we considered § 29-04-03.1, the statute of limitations provision, and concluded that the "three-years-after-reporting language" was intended to extend the limitation period beyond seven years, if the victim failed to report the offense within the seven-year period. If the victim does not report the offense to law enforcement authorities within the seven-year period, but reports the offense sometime later, the limitation period runs for three years from the date the offense is reported.[¶26] Moreover, in , we outlined the complex legislative history of the statute of limitations for sexual offenses against minors. Therefore, if the statute of limitations for an offense had not yet expired when the limitation period was extended, the extended period applies. § 12.1-20-03(2)(a) for allegedly engaging in sexual contact with J. Therefore, we conclude the district court did not err when it refused to suppress Goebel's confession on voluntariness grounds. As a result, the current version of the statute of limitations, as amended in 1993, may apply to offenses which occurred prior to 1993.[¶27] As to J. stated that he was taking a bath when Goebel entered the bathroom and removed him from the tub. The only door to the office was closed, but not locked, during the interview. Prior to the interview, law enforcement officers had been in contact with J. Shortly thereafter, Goebel drove in his own vehicle to the police station, where Sheriff Peters and Special Agent Calvin Dupree of the North Dakota Bureau of Criminal Investigation were waiting for him.[¶6] The interview took place in the one-room office of the police department, which is in the city hall building. A defendant's inculpatory words are substantial evidence on which a rational jury can convict. Viewing the evidence in the light most favorable to the verdict, we conclude a rational fact finder could have found Goebel guilty of two counts of gross sexual imposition beyond a reasonable doubt. Goebel and the two officers sat in chairs facing each other, with Goebel seated nearest to the door. testified that the sexual contact occurred when he was about six or seven years old. Agent Dupree interviewed Goebel for about an hour and fifteen minutes in the middle of the day. Goebel drove himself to the police station at the request of law enforcement. He was interviewed in the one-room police department with the door closed, but not locked.
There is no evidence that the officers used improper questioning tactics or in any way coerced Goebel into confessing. Therefore, even if he was in custody during the interview, the officers complied with the requirements of the Fifth Amendment in that respect.[¶14] Furthermore, we conclude Goebel's claim that he exercised his Fifth Amendment privilege during the interview by asking for an attorney is without merit. did not report the offense to law enforcement until January 31, 2005, which fell outside of the initial seven-year limitation period. Here, the State filed a criminal complaint against Goebel in June 2005, well within the three-year limitation period. While it is well established that if a person asks for an attorney during custodial interrogation, the interrogation must cease until an attorney is present, , 384 U. 436, 473-74 (1966)), here, the district court specifically found that Goebel did not invoke his right to counsel during the interview based on the testimony of Sheriff Peters and Agent Dupree. 1993) (citations omitted).[¶18] In this case, the record supports the district court's conclusion that Goebel's confession was voluntary. § 29-04-03.1 was amended in 1993, the statute of limitations against Goebel had not yet expired for the offenses committed sometime between 19. was under the age of fifteen at the time of the offense, the statute of limitations did not begin to run until his fifteenth birthday in 1997. Therefore, the prosecution had to be commenced within three years after January 31, 2005, when J. Therefore, the district court did not err when it refused to dismiss the charge based on the sexual abuse of J. G., the State charged Goebel with gross sexual imposition under N. Goebel claims Agent Dupree's failure to record the first hour of the interview shows that law enforcement had bad motives and a bad attitude toward him.
However, Agent Dupree testified it is his common practice to use the tape recorder to take a taped statement at the end of an interview. Furthermore, the statute of limitations in § 29-04-03.1 and the tolling provision in § 29-04-03.2 must be read together. Therefore, if the victim is under the age of fifteen at the time of the offense, the statute of limitations does not begin to run until the victim reaches the age of fifteen, which extends the initial seven-year limitation period until the victim reaches the age of twenty-two. Section 29-04-03.1, the statute of limitations, was enacted in 1985 and amended in 19. After considering legislative intent, we held that each extension of the statute of limitations applies retroactively "for existing offenses for which the statute of limitations had not expired under the prior law." , at 689).
It is also undisputed that Goebel signed a waiver of rights form at that time. § 12.1-20-03(2)(a) for allegedly engaging in sexual contact with D.