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Manufacturing became an important component of the city's economy, and the city's industrial manufacturing overtook international trade in economic importance by the mid-19th century.Boston remained one of the nation's largest manufacturing centers until the early 20th century, and was known for its garment production and leather-goods industries.Its rich history attracts many tourists, with Faneuil Hall alone drawing more than 20 million visitors per year.Boston's early European settlers had first called the area Trimountaine (after its "three mountains," only traces of which remain today) but later renamed it Boston after Boston, Lincolnshire, England, the origin of several prominent colonists.Boston itself was besieged for almost a year during the Siege of Boston, which began on April 19, 1775.The New England militia impeded the movement of the British Army.Boston's proximity to the ocean made it a lively port, and the city primarily engaged in shipping and fishing during its colonial days.However, Boston stagnated in the decades prior to the Revolution.
British troops evacuated Boston on March 17, which solidified the revolutionaries' control of the city.The colonists compelled the British to withdraw their troops.The event was widely publicized and fueled a revolutionary movement in America. Many of the colonists saw the act as an attempt to force them to accept the taxes established by the Townshend Acts.The act prompted the Boston Tea Party, where a group of rebels threw an entire shipment of tea sent by the British East India Company into Boston Harbor.
The Boston Tea Party was a key event leading up to the revolution, as the British government responded furiously with the Intolerable Acts, demanding compensation for the lost tea from the rebels.
Puritan ethics and their focus on education influenced its early history; Over the next 130 years, the city participated in four French and Indian Wars, until the British defeated the French and their Indian allies in North America.